Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Behavior Modification Project Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Conduct Modification Project - Research Paper Example Be that as it may, I basically don't care for plain water. I have been known to appreciate a glass or two yet just on the off chance that it is extremely cold. It is difficult to keep 2 liters of water cold in my specific working environment. Tea is my most loved non-cola refreshment yet by and by I favor it cold and the trouble related with this inclination has just been referenced. Without even authoritatively following it, I feel it is critical to make my objective conduct to expand my water consumption day by day. Since I am a timetable situated individual I started by deciding the time in which the conduct was to occur. Since a large portion of my day is spent grinding away, the objective conduct would most handily been cultivated during that time. I at that point set the boundaries of a work day as starting at 0815, finishing at 1520, and remembering constantly and exercises for between. I likewise chose to go with the specialist's proposal of tea as it is particular to water. Starting here on, references to water will really be tea however the need to separate between the two ought not be essential. In view of my objective conduct, it got essential to decide how much water I drink in a normal day before defining the objective for an expansion. The social alteration process depicted in the task guidelines is known as a basic time-arrangement plan (Leedy and Ormrod, 2005). In this procedure a progression of perceptions are made before starting an arrangement to alter the conduct and afterward again after the arrangement has been authorized to decide whether learning has happened. The perceptions made preceding the support structure the pattern information and I have recorded my standard information in the diagram underneath. This uncovers I drink a normal of 0.95 liters of water every day. I might want to see that number nearer to 1.5 and in the end developing to 2 liters! Table 1: Baseline Data for April 21-25, 2008 Date Water Consumer (L) April 21 .5 L April 22 1.25 L April 23 .5 L April 24 .5 L April 25 1.5 L April 26 .5 L Normal Consumption .5(4) + 1.25 + 1.5/5 = .95 L Since I had settled on a sensible objective to which to expand my water utilization, I needed to choose precisely how to approach drinking more water! This was not be the first occasion when I have endeavored this. In the past I have taken a stab at purchasing singular containers that are effectively put away however which sit in the basic fridge overlooked in the frantic pace of a standard work day. I have had a go at freezing my refreshment and conveying it with me to drink cold as the ice liquefies just to view it as excessively chaotic around my papers and risky to the hardware. I have would not convey dollar notes and change with an end goal to make the candy machine less engaging as the straightforward decision for a beverage. (By method of further clarification tea sold in most candy machines is high in sugar and caffeine so accomplish more damage to my wellbeing regiment than great. I think that its gainful to drink green or sans caffeine teas made with Splenda.) I have even enrolled the guide of companions who put hot sauce in my improper beverages on the off chance that they saw me with one. This last advance may have been the most powerful of my endeavors yet it had the specific inverse impact. I essentially didn't drink anything aside from brief stops at the drinking fountain for lukewarm water which was nearly as terrible as the hot sauce. The option of the hot sauce was an additional result connected to a particular activity. The utilization of explicit outcomes to increment or abatement a particular conduct is called support

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Why We Should Save Natural Resources

Why We should spare common assets provided that we don’t, life will cease to exist Have you at any point considered what might befall the earth on the off chance that we utilized the entirety of the characteristic assets? Is it a likelihood this would occur soon? All things considered, at the present pace of assets being utilized it may occur. Sustainable assets can Be utilized more than once. Then again non-sustainable assets can't be reestablished subsequent to being utilized once it’s utilized. Also non-sustainable assets are in constrained flexibly and be utilized once.Examples of these assets are Coal,oil and characteristic Gasses, they are known to be non-renewable energy sources; They take a huge number of years to frame. They must be mined or bored from stores profound inside the earth. Also, the Reason we should spare them is provided that we don’t what will we have left for instance in the event that we utilize a lot of paper we will wind up chopping do wn all the tree’s on earth causing the CO2 level’s to go to high and slaughter every one of us. That is the reason my family spare all paper we use and twofold side our work. The Future of our economy lies in the amount we utilize regular resources.And as per the Political Economy of Natural Resources â€Å"The Development and taking of Resources prompts wars among nations and inside countries†(the Political Economy of Natural Resources) And if characteristic assets Cost more cash think about who endures? The individuals do, Such as though we go through the entirety of our oil the cost for a vehicle and it’s upkeep would be high. What's more, Gail Tverberg trusts â€Å"If the cost of oil goes up the cost of everything goes up† Natural assets don’t just influence the economy yet the earth as well. Regular assets are found all through nature.So when we go through it the earth endures to most. Without backwoods in specific regions will never ha ve woods again. So by chopping down trees you are essentially manhandling the earth. What's more, a source states â€Å"That forested region are diminishing 1% each year† so fundamentally in around 100 years we will pass on except if we quit chopping down trees and planting a greater amount of them. What's more, a large portion of the world’s timberland has just been chopped down so without the trees what will stop the dirt disintegration will for all time pulverize the land and if that land is destroyed.And if the land is crushed what will trap the Carbon dioxide or give oxygen. So on the off chance that we take the normal assets, the bionetwork = earth misuse = no life after some measure of years. The world’s populace has become throughout the years, and along these lines, more assets are required. also, as more individuals are conceived there is petroleum products utilized in light of the fact that we have to warm more people’s warming bills and power. So the More individuals brought into the world then dead in a day can make the years the earth have less.And I have an a few reasons why hydrogen ought to be our fuel until we can plant enough trees for soil disintegration to leave and to get some increasingly characteristic assets Reasons= It is boring and scentless it's anything but a petroleum product With the correct innovation utilizing hydrogen, the sun and the breeze we could get enough vitality to control the entire US in 1 year. what's more, after all the entire us is been controlled steadily we could store that vitality and inside multi year we could have capacity to control the entire planet for at any rate 2 entire years and the entirety of the force is originating from inexhaustible sources.And 90% of it is created from petroleum gas after we make it unadulterated it will have the option to control nearly everything including car, warmth, power, and water Clean consuming fuel It does’t transmit nursery gasses wh ich ruins the ozone layer Although Nonrenewable can be produced using water (which has 2 section hydrogen and 1 section oxygen) and the sun. It tends to be made without mining from a restricted flexibly It can be renewed through a characteristic procedures it is the most straightforward component with just a single proton and one eletron.

Saturday, August 1, 2020

Associate Advising and the MedLinks Program

Associate Advising and the MedLinks Program Overheard at MIT (from sometime Spring 2012 Ive been keeping a collection of these for a while, and will start leaking them out) MIT Student 1: Any luck with 16b? MIT Student 2: I used erf. MIT Student 1: ERF?! Oh, God, I havent thought about that since 18.03* MIT Student 2: No, seriously. It was so beautiful. You know how the problem wants the form and the coefficients? I used erf and it gave me both at the same time. Likeit was so beautiful. I actually shed tears over it. *Differential Equations **The error function. Its used a lot in stats, probability, and diff eq. Were in the midst of freshman orientation, so now seems like a good time to tell you about two programs that Im involved with: 1) Associate Advising 2) MedLinks (1) is the reason that Im on campus right now. Basically, each freshman has an advisor: a member of staff (who works in admissions, maybe, or in the Office of Undergraduate Advising and Academic Programming) or a professor. Each advisor has one or two associate advisors (AAs): undergraduate students who 3 freshmen and want to help guide them through their first year. We can provide a student perspective on things like class choices, deciding whether or not to do a varsity sport, deciding where to live, where to eat, how to manage your time, how to study, how many pset classes its healthy to take, etc. This is my first year doing it I got to meet my 23 advisees today, and would like to let you all know that they are the 23 coolest freshmen on campus, with the exception of the freshmen who are living in French House with me, and the new freshman bloggers. Im also on the Associate Advisor Steering Committee, which means that I work with the other AAs in New House to run events for, and mentor, freshmen within our dorm who arent necessarily in our official advising group. The MedLinks program is similar to the Associate Advising program, in the sense that its a students-supporting-students system. Its residence-based; there are a few MedLinks in every dorm. Here, the focus is on student health: mental health, sexual health, physical health. We have training in, and supplies of, basic first aid and over-the-counter medication. The idea is that MIT Medical is pretty far away from the dorms (from West Campus, at least) and can seem inaccessible and difficult to navigate at times; MedLinks serve as links between the student body and the medical facilities and support programs that MIT offers. Were not doctors! We just know what resouces are available, so that we can point our friends and dorm-mates in the right direction. So, thats a quick summary. Let me know if you have any questions. Tomorrow and Thursday, Ill be helping my freshman advisees to register for classes! In the meantime, back to unpacking.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Analysis of The One Minute Manager Free Essay Example, 500 words

ï » ¿ Book Report: The One Minute Manager â€Å"The one minute manager† by Blanchard and Johnson is a well written book which facilitates its reader in understanding the process of effective and efficient management with the help of an interesting story. It is on the list of the highly recommended books because it provides readers with exceptional techniques and methods about managing other people. By going though this book one is able to learn quick and relatively easy techniques and philosophies associated with different aspects of management including people management. People management skills are essential for almost every person, as humans are social animals and cannot survive in isolation. Every other second one is involved in direct interaction with other people. Specially in the case of managers who are responsible for bringing out the best possible performance of all team members and subordinates, and also for the complete team management so that the overall performance can be improved considerably. One sh ould acknowledge that it is not easy to manage a large team which consists of different people and it requires considerable effort and stamina on part of managers. Managers are like captain of the ship and are responsible for ensuring that ship reaches the destination safely and on time. We will write a custom essay sample on Analysis of The One Minute Manager or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now Performance and growth of overall organization is directly dependent on the attitude and abilities of the top managers who are responsible for setting directions for other employees. Several organizational studies and researches have concluded that employees are confused and uncertain about their responsibilities and tasks. There is a need that they are provided with appropriate goals and directions to achieve those goals. Apart from this in order to ensure they fulfill all their responsibilities in efficient manner and achieve the provided goals there should be quick and ongoing feedbacks from managers. This positive and negative feedbacks will serve as a guideline and roadmap for meeting the set targets and goals and will encourage the employees to provide best possible results. Blanchard and Johnson (1-64), have provided three simple techniques which can enhance the management skills of any manager. It provides a simple process which can be learn ed and applied by any manager in order to improve the overall performance of the employees. These techniques allow managers to incorporate proactive approach as compared to reactive approach. In order to get exceptional end results, one has to ensure that the start is correct and whole team is on the right track throughout the process. For this reason it is important to set the goals and objectives on first hand and then provide quick and timely feedback to the team members about their performance whether it is positive or negative. All these concepts have been thoroughly explained with the help of ‘one minute goal setting’, ‘one minute praising’, and ‘one minute reprimands’ (Blanchard, and Johnson 1-64). These techniques and philosophies explained in this book are very much beneficial for professional as well as personal lives of people. For instance these methods of team management can also be utilized during the group research work by stud ents. The team leader or group leader can set different goals and objectives which have to completed in certain span of time and assign tasks to other team members. With the help of ongoing feedback of the team leader along with other student members, the group of students will be able to complete their research work in effective and efficient manner. This book is not only beneficial for managers in the process of team or people management, but can also be useful for any individual in the process of self management. The same methods and techniques can be used by any one in managing the daily tasks and activities. One can set challenging goals and objectives to be achieved, and then can appraise or warn oneself for different activities. Hence â€Å"the one minute manager† not only facilitates mangers in the process of building efficient team and organization but can also help every other person in the process of self management. REFERENCES Blanchard, Kenneth, and Spenser Johnson. The One Minute Manager. New York: Berkley Book, 1983. 1-64.

Sunday, May 10, 2020

Characteristics Of A Town In To Kill A Mockingbird

Paul Buxton Mr. Halbe English 9-1 10/8/2017 A town in itself has a personality like that of a living being. Its personality is a result of its past experiences, its occupants, and surrounding influences. These forces combine and act in a complicated way to move a city, like an organism, through growth and change. Significant forces such as the great depression influence attitudes, such as racism, toward others as individuals compete to survive. In To Kill A Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, Scout, the daughter of a lawyer by the name of Atticus Finch, tells the story of growing up in the small southern town of Maycomb, Alabama. Through her eyes, the reader discovers many of the struggles of the period faced by its inhabitants and resembled†¦show more content†¦Before Atticus shot the rabid dog, Jem and Scout, as well as the reader had a difficult time understanding Atticus and his personal values. After the dog is shot, Jem and Scout realize that Atticus hides some of his talents for personal reasons. His background sheds l ight on the overall development of his character as well as goes hand in hand with the development of Maycomb itself.The town of Maycomb can get trapped in a recurring cycle of habits and ignorance that are usually either carried out by the people, or by individuals that demonstrate habitual behavior. For example, while talking to Jem, Atticus exclaims, â€Å"I don’t know, but they did it. They’ve done it before and they did it tonight and they’ll do it again and when they do it-seems that only children weep† (Lee 213). In the above example, Atticus is referring to how the jury convicted Tom Robinson despite clear evidence suggesting inevitably otherwise. The fact that the people on the jury convicted Tom, merely because of his race, shows that they are demonstrating negative habitual behavior as well as ignorance. The people’s instinctive racial discrimination parallels the way in which, despite there being movements against it, Maycomb is still s egregated into multiple parts. In fact, the towns area for African Americans is entirely separate from the city itself. The way in which theShow MoreRelatedTheme Of Innocence In To Kill A Mockingbird1374 Words   |  6 Pages Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird is best known as a literary classic, telling the tale of a young girl named Jean Louise â€Å"Scout† Finch’s childhood in a southern Alabama town during the great depression. While the fate of a black male convicted of rape still looms in the synopsis. To Kill a Mockingbird the title of the novel, refers to a quote on page 119. Both said by Atticus Finch the town of Maycombs lawyer and Miss Maudie his neighbor, â€Å"it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird†. As said by Miss MaudieRead MoreCharacterization Of Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1323 Words   |  6 PagesTo Kill a Mockingbird SOAPStone Author She also based most of scout finch’s characterization on her past and childhood. Some examples are Scout was a tomboy so was Lee, Scout had no mother and Lee’s mother was Abusive to her, Scout read on her father’s lap so did Lee, etc. She grew up in kansas so she had a good idea of prejudice and inequality from her childhood which again made it easy for to create the Character Scout She wrote this during the civil rights movement when there was a large inequalityRead MoreThe Characters Of Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee Essay1464 Words   |  6 Pagesare plenty of important characters in the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird. The story chronicles life through the eyes of young children, but also shows first hand accounts of racist adults in the small town of Holcomb. This book is so unique because symbolism is avidly used. The main characters in To Kill a Mockingbird are symbolized as mockingbirds. There are many different situations where a character can be categorized as a mockingbird. A mockingbird can be a meek man accused of a crime, or a youngRead MoreLiterature Adds To Reality Essay1648 Words   |  7 Pagesauthor. This quote, to me, is the most appropriate description of the importance of literature in our lives. Literature reminds us of stories, epics, sacred scriptures and classical works of the ancient and modern times, in which the book To Kill a Mock ingbird clearly does. Literature is defined as the body of written works of a language, period or culture, produced by scholars and researchers, specialized in a given field. Why is literature important? Well, let’s see as stated in the quotation byRead MoreHarper Lee s Novel Of The Same Title896 Words   |  4 Pagesserved as depictions of our society. They have been mirrors reflecting upon us what we are, what we would like to be, and how we view ourselves. â€Å"To Kill a Mockingbird† is in fact a classic film that does just that. Directed by Robert Mulligan, this film was based on Harper Lee’s novel of the same title. The screenplay by Horton Foote, â€Å"To Kill a Mockingbird is both a coming of age story of three young children, told from the perspective of Scout as she reflects upon an important court case involvingRead MoreTheme Of To Kill A Mockingbird1699 Words   |  7 Pages The Pureness of Mockingbirds In 1960, Harper Lee published one of the most controversial books of our time. To kill a mockingbird contains three debatable themes; racism, good and evil, and morals. Harper Lee uses three children and rape trial to portray these topics. These themes are present throughout the story of a small Alabama town divided over a rape trial including an African American man and a young white girl. Lee’s novel is still disputed over to this day. One of the book’s centralRead MoreMajor Themes in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee989 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee takes place in Maycomb, Alabama in 1903. This novel is basically a coming of age story for a young girl named Scout and her older brother named Jem. Who grows up in a time where racism is normal. They soon learn to stand up for what is right, just like their dad, Atticus. The Coexistence of Good and Evil The most important theme of To Kill a Mockingbird is the Coexistence of good and evil. The novel approaches this theme in many ways throughoutRead Moreâ€Å"Shoot All The Blue Jays If You Want, If You Can Hit’Em,1224 Words   |  5 Pagesyou can hit’em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird,† ( Lee pg 90) In Harper Lee’s famous novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, the author emphasizes the major issue of justice representing the symbol of a mockingbird. Taking place in the 1930s in the Deep South, a time when racial inequality and great intolerance were highly prevalent. The novel comes out as an injustice to the most gracious and thoughtful but unjustly accused citizens from the town of Maycomb. The kind, good natured, AfricanRead MoreEssay Innocents in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee897 Words   |  4 PagesThe title â€Å"To Kill A Mockingbird† is taken from a quote in the book, where Atticus says Shoot all the blue jays you wa nt, if you can hit em, but remember its a sin to kill a mockingbird. (lee Later, Miss Maudie Atkinson states that Mockingbirds dont do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. (p.177). This shows that mocking birds are innocent, and that is why Atticus strongly forbids his children to kill them. To Kill a Mockingbird novels theme is how prejudice affects the town of maycomb,alabamaRead MoreSummary Of Kill A Mockingbird 1030 Words   |  5 Pages The setting of To Kill a Mockingbird is in Maycomb County, which is a unrealistic district in Southern Alabama. The years are in the early 1930s, the time of the Great Depression when poverty and unemployment were a widespread in the U.S. The town of Maycomb is pretty sloppy because streets are not paved and got turned into red slop ( red mud). The people in the town are really nice and had a bunch of old ladies baking delicious cakes and town sheriffs saying folsky things. The courthouse is

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Discuss ways in which Ort tries to make sense of his existence Free Essays

Throughout the novel, Ort indeed tries to make sense of his existence in many ways. It is also true to say that his relationship with Henry Warburton helps him with this discovery. Their relationship, although time-taking to discover, is beneficial towards Ort’s understanding of his existence, and his character in particular is greatly benefited. We will write a custom essay sample on Discuss ways in which Ort tries to make sense of his existence or any similar topic only for you Order Now Ort’s quest to make sense of his existence is brought on by the car crash in which Sam, his father, is put into a coma. From this moment on, the whole family in fact tries to make sense of their existence, and Warburton is a useful influence towards the whole family in this sense, not just Ort. Before discussing the ways in which Warburton is useful influence in the process of identifying Ort’s existence, it needs to seen in which ways he tries to make sense of his existence; After the car crash, which left the father, Sam, out of the picture for the family, Ort has been given the responsibility of the father figure. Of course, for this to happen to a twelve year old boy, it leaves him lost, and obviously misled towards what exactly has just happened. One important thing that Ort considers during this period of discovery is about his own form of religion, or some sort of deity like figure to look up to. It is seen by the audience that the only thing that Ort can look up to and get any help from is that newly formed deity figure apparent in the sky. He uses this deity in the sky to hopefully save him from non existence and subsequently help him discover his current existence. Henry Warburton is then brought into the discussion, as he has a positive effect on Ort’s outlook on life, and existence. He helps Ort understand his place in life, and is almost the deity for Ort, providing assistance and support, and also helping with Ort’s self discovery. Even Henry Warburton claims that he is a god, and that he has come to help Ort, promoting himself as a god like figure. Warburton provides the positive influence for Ort’s discovery of his existence, as he provides help surrounding certain paths of life. Warburton has the ability to see and believe things that no one else in the family, including Ort, does, therefore providing assistance in Ort’s self discovery. In many scenes throughout the novel, Henry Warburton’s influential figure is scene, which brings support for Ort’s understanding. He acts as a father like figure to Ort, even providing discipline to other members of the family on occasions, and supporting Ort’s actions and ways of thinking. Despite these obvious ‘perks’ on Warburton’s behalf to help Ort’s understanding, some less positive aspects about Warburton’s influence are apparent, when deeper aspects of the novel are analysed. Warburton’s character inevitably appears flawed to the family, through a number of faults such as the fact that he has a glass eye and a speech impediment. ‘Geez, he’s got troubles’. Coinciding with this realisation by the family, Warburton decreases his rhetoric, and shows the audience that Ort has become quite dependant by this stage in the novel. Throughout the novel, Ort experiences things which would normally never be experienced by a boy that age. With all the crises he goes through, Henry Warburton, a strange but loving preacher who shows up on the doorstep, shows Ort the way to understanding, and self realisation, and is therefore a useful influence towards Ort’s understandings. How to cite Discuss ways in which Ort tries to make sense of his existence, Papers

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

The Evolution of American Slavery

This paper aims to discuss the evolution of such social phenomenon as slavery in the United States. In particular, it is necessary to explain why it became associated primarily with black people. Secondly, we need to show how it changed with time passing and how slaves tried to cope with this experience.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Evolution of American Slavery specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Overall, it is possible for us to advance a thesis that the origins of black slavery should be sought in the economic development of American colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and especially the fact that it was based on agriculture. First, we need to need say that the first colonizers, who settled in North America, were most engaged in the production and export of coffee, sugar, cotton, and tobacco as the climate and soil of those lands was perfectly suitable for these crops (Foner, 22). These ac tivities required cheap labor force, and the easiest way to procure these workers was to bring slaves from Africa. One should bear in mind that slavery existed in Africa long before the arrival of Europeans. More importantly, human trafficking was a common source of income for many people (Foner, 22). This is the key reason why slavery is now associated mostly with black people. It has to be admitted that there were also the so-called white slaves: they were mostly British or German people, who were forced to work for a planter, but they had a right to ransom themselves out slavery, whereas African people were not allowed to do that. Some Indian Americans were also enslaved but such cases were not very widespread especially in comparison with the number of black slaves. The key reason is that Indians were perceived as a different race, but not an inferior one. Apart from that, European colonizers were reluctant to come into conflict with them as they could put up a violent resistanc e, whereas Black people did not have such an opportunity. Secondly, one should not overlook racial and religious prejudices against African slaves, especially in the seventeenth century. They were regarded as subhuman individuals or at least someone, who was inferior to Europeans (Foner, 132). The very ideology of slavery was based on the premise that Africans were created to serve superior races, i.e. Europeans. Certainly, there were intellectuals, who objected to this standpoint, but they were not numerous at least at that time. The abolitionist movement intensifies only in the early years of the nineteenth century when industrial revolution was already under way and there was no need so slave labor. Thus, political and social views of that period linked slavery with a particular race.Advertising Looking for essay on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Having no civil rights, black slaves could not protect themselves fr om the cruelty of their owners. Therefore, they tried to work ways of shielding themselves against this injustice. There were two forms of such resistance: passive and active ones. As far as passive resistance was concerned, we need to say that African slaves found consolation in their language and culture (Foner, 143). For example, they spoke Gullah[1], and built houses that resembled their own homes in Africa. However, the key issue is that they began to live in very small and secluded communities, to which slave-owners did not have access. Religion and especially Christianity also helped them to guard themselves against their oppressors. To a large extent, it gave them a spiritual comfort or the belief that in the afterlife there will be no suffering. Apart from that, it gave them hope that sometime they would manage to break free (Foner, 417). It should be mentioned that life of urban and rural slaves was different. Those slaves, who lived in villages, were forced to work in ver y harsh working conditions; their work was based mostly on backbreaking physical labor. In contrast, urban slaves often worked as craftsmen who had to possess well-developed technical skills (Foner, 412). Again, we need to stress an idea that that industrial revolution made the slave labor less necessary. For example, such inventions as spinning wheel or steam engine helped to reduce the number of workforce, needed for the same task. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the US cities became more industrialized and as a result, the living conditions of many slaves improved. Certainly, they had to give their wages to their holders but they acquired a higher degree of independence (Foner, 412). Overall, one can argue that the industrial revolution undermined the very institution of slavery. When discussing passive resistance of African slaves, one should not overlook the works of such intellectuals as Olaudah Equiano, Ignatious Sancho or Frederick Douglass, all of whom we once s laves but managed to regain their freedom. The books and articles, written by these people emphasized the cruelty of slavery and it’s brutal nature (Foner, 428). They showed that African people have the same feelings, emotions and needs as Europeans do. One should not assume that culture, language, and family were the only means of resistance to slavery; as in many cases it took more active forms. We can mention Turner’s rebellion that broke out in Virginia. In 1831, Nat Turner[2] and his followers revolted against their owners and killed more than sixty white people (Foner, 421). One can as well remember German Coast uprising that took place in 1811 and left two slave-owners dead. Naturally, each of these insurgencies was suppressed and those, who had been responsible for them, were executed. Nonetheless, they clearly illustrated an idea that slavery ownership could not remain unpunished and that a constantly suppressed person was rather likely to strike back. These r evolts contributed to a shift in the public opinion: American society understood that slavery had to be abolished; otherwise it would lead to relentless feud between black and white people.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Evolution of American Slavery specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Attempts to escape from slavery were another form of active resistance. According to the rough estimations, at least one thousand people managed to reach the Northern states or even Canada (Foner, 419). This also greatly intensified the movement of abolitionism. On the whole, this active and passive resistance of African slaves culminated into the American Civil War which completely uprooted the institution of slavery. As we can see, such phenomenon as black slavery came into existence due to several economic, political, religious and philosophical factors. Despite the fact that it was full abolished in 1865, it left an indelibl e trace in the memory of American people and the process of American Reconstruction that began after the Civil War, still goes on. Works Cited Foner Eric. Give Me Liberty! An American History. NY W.W. Norton Company, 2008. Footnotes The language that combined dialects of several African languages along with English. The majority of white people could not understand it A slave, who despite his social status, received good education This essay on The Evolution of American Slavery was written and submitted by user Jayda Leach to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 20, 2020

Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge

Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge The National Wildlife Refuge Service is the worlds largest collection of protected areas dedicated to wildlife preservation, more than 150 million acres of strategically located wildlife habitat protecting thousands of species. There are wildlife refuges in all 50 states and U.S. territories, and most major U.S. cities are no more than an hours drive from at least one wildlife refuge. But how did this system of wildlife preservation begin? What was Americas first national wildlife refuge? President Theodore Roosevelt created the first U.S. national wildlife refuge on March 14, 1903, when he set aside Pelican Island as a sanctuary and breeding ground for native birds. Location of Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge is located in the Indian River Lagoon, on the Atlantic coast of central Florida. The nearest town is Sebastian, which lies just west of the refuge. Originally, Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge included only 3-acre Pelican Island and another 2.5 acres of surrounding water. Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge was expanded twice, in 1968 and again in 1970, and today comprises 5,413 acres of mangrove islands, other submerged land, and waterways. Pelican Island is an historic bird rookery that provides nesting habitat for at least 16 species of colonial water birds as well as the endangered wood stork. More than 30 species of water birds use the island during the winter migratory season, and more than 130 bird species are found throughout the entire Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge also provides critical habitat for several threatened and endangered species, including manatees, loggerhead and green sea turtles, and southeastern beach mice. Early History of Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge During the 19th century, plume hunters, egg gatherers and common vandals exterminated all the egrets, herons and spoonbills on Pelican Island, and nearly destroyed the population of brown pelicans for which the island is named. By the late 1800s, the market for bird feathers to supply the fashion industry and adorn ladies hats was so lucrative that plume feathers were worth more than gold, and birds with fine plumage were being slaughtered wholesale. The Guardian of Pelican Island Paul Kroegel, a German immigrant and boat builder, established a homestead on the west bank of the Indian River Lagoon. From his home, Kroegel could see thousands of brown pelicans and other water birds roosting and nesting on Pelican Island. There were no state or federal laws at that time to protect the birds, but Kroegel started sailing to Pelican Island, gun in hand, to stand guard against plume hunters and other intruders. Many naturalists became interested in Pelican Island, which was the last rookery for brown pelicans on the east coast of Florida. They also took a growing interest in the work Kroegel was doing to protect the birds. One of the most influential naturalists who visited Pelican Island and sought out Kroegel was Frank Chapman, curator of the American Museum of Natural History in New York and a member of the American Ornithologists Union. After his visit, Chapman vowed to find some way to protect the birds of Pelican Island. In 1901, the American Ornithologists Union and the Florida Audubon Society led a successful campaign for a Florida state law that would protect non-game birds. Kroegel was one of four wardens hired by the Florida Audubon Society to protect water birds from plume hunters. It was dangerous work. Two of those first four wardens were murdered in the line of duty. Securing Federal Protection for the Birds of Pelican Island Frank Chapman and another bird advocate named William Dutcher were acquainted with Theodore Roosevelt, who had taken office as President of the United States in 1901. The two men visited Roosevelt at his family home in Sagamore Hill, New York, and appealed to him as a conservationist to use the power of his office to protect the birds of Pelican Island. It didnt take much to convince Roosevelt to sign an executive order naming Pelican Island as the first federal bird reservation. During his presidency, Roosevelt would create a network of 55 wildlife refuges nationwide. Paul Kroegel was hired as the first national wildlife refuge manager, becoming the official guardian of his beloved Pelican Island and its native and migratory bird populations. At first, Kroegel was paid only $1 per month by the Florida Audubon Society, because Congress had failed to budget any money for the wildlife refuge the president had created. Kroegel continued to watch over Pelican Island for the next 23 years, retiring from federal service in 1926. The U.S. National Wildlife Refuge System The national wildlife refuge system that President Roosevelt established by creating Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge and many other wildlife areas has become the worlds largest and most diverse collection of lands dedicated to wildlife preservation. Today, the U.S. National Wildlife Refuge System includes 562Â  national wildlife refuges, thousands of waterfowl protection areas and four marine national monuments throughout the United States and in U.S. territories. Collectively, these wildlife areas total more than 150 million acres of managed and protected lands. The addition of three marine national monuments in early 2009- all three located in the Pacific Ocean- increased the size of the National Wildlife Refuge System by 50 percent. In 2016, public land advocates nationwide were shocked when armed gunmen took over the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge in Oregon. This action at least had the benefit of bringing to the publics attention the importance of these lands, not only for wildlife but also for people. Edited by Frederic Beaudry

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Biography of Atahualpa, Last King of the Inca

Biography of Atahualpa, Last King of the Inca Atahualpa was the last of the native lords of the mighty Inca Empire, which spanned parts of present-day Peru, Chile, Ecuador, Bolivia, and Colombia. He had just defeated his brother Huascar in a violent civil war when Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro arrived in the Andes mountains. The unlucky Atahualpa was quickly captured by the Spanish and held for ransom. Although his ransom was paid, the Spanish killed him anyway, clearing the way for the plunder of the Andes. Fast Fact: Atahualpa Known For: Last indigenous king of the Incan EmpireAlso Known As:  Atahuallpa, Atawallpa, and Ata WallpaBorn: c. 1500 in CuzcoParents: Wayna Qhapaq; mother believed to be either Tocto Ocllo Coca,Paccha Duchicela, or Tà ºpac PallaDied: July 15, 1533 in CajamarcaNotable Quote: Your emperor may be a great prince; I do not doubt it, seeing that he has sent his subjects so far across the waters; and I am willing to treat him as a brother. As for your pope of whom you speak, he must be mad to speak of giving away countries that do not belong to him. As for my faith, I will not change it. Your own God, as you tell me, was put to death by the very men He created. But my God still looks down on His children. Early Life In the Incan Empire, the word â€Å"Inca† meant â€Å"king† and generally only referred to one man: the ruler of the Empire. Atahualpa was one of many sons of Inca Huayna Capac, an efficient and ambitious ruler. The Incas could only marry their sisters: no one else was deemed noble enough. They had many concubines, however, and their offspring (Atahualpa included) were considered eligible for rule. Rulership of the Inca did not necessarily pass to the eldest son first, as was the European tradition. Any one of Huayna Capac’s sons would be acceptable. Often, civil wars broke out between brothers for succession. Huayna Capac died in 1526 or 1527, possibly of a European infection such as smallpox. His heir apparent Ninan Cuyuchi died as well. The Empire immediately split, as Atahualpa ruled the northern part from Quito and his brother Huascar ruled the southern part from Cuzco. A bitter civil war ensued and raged until Huascar was captured by Atahualpa’s forces in 1532. Although Huascar had been captured, regional mistrust was still high and the population was clearly divided. Neither faction knew that a far greater menace was approaching from the coast. The Spanish Francisco Pizarro was a seasoned campaigner who had been inspired by Hernn Cortà ©s audacious (and lucrative) conquest of Mexico. In 1532, with a troop of 160 Spaniards, Pizarro set off along the western coast of South America in search of a similar empire to conquer and plunder. The troop included four of Pizarros brothers. Diego de Almagro was also involved  and would arrive with reinforcements after Atahualpas capture. The Spanish had an enormous advantage over the Andeans with their horses, armor, and weapons. They had some interpreters that had been previously captured from a trading vessel. Capture of Atahualpa The Spanish were immensely fortunate in that Atahualpa happened to be at Cajamarca, one of the closest major cities to the coast where they had disembarked. Atahualpa had just received word that Huascar had been captured and was celebrating with one of his armies. He had heard of the foreigners coming and felt that he had little to fear from fewer than 200 strangers. The Spanish hid their horsemen in the buildings around the main square at Cajamarca, and when the Inca arrived to converse with Pizarro, they rode out, slaughtering hundreds and capturing Atahualpa. No Spanish were killed. Ransom With Atahualpa held captive, the Empire was paralyzed. Atahualpa had excellent generals, but none dared try to free him. Atahualpa was very intelligent and soon learned of the Spanish love for gold and silver. He offered to fill a large room half full with gold  and full twice over with silver for his release. The Spanish quickly agreed and the gold began flowing in from all corners of the Andes. Most of it was in the form of priceless art and it was all melted down, resulting in an incalculable cultural loss. Some of the greedy conquistadors took to breaking up golden items so that the room would take longer to fill. Personal Life Before the arrival of the Spanish, Atahualpa had proven to be ruthless in his ascent to power. He ordered the death of his brother Huascar and several other family members who blocked his way to the throne. The Spanish who were Atahualpa’s captors for several months found him to be brave, intelligent, and witty. He accepted his imprisonment stoically and continued to rule his people while captive. He had small children in Quito by some of his concubines, and he was evidently quite attached to them. When the Spanish decided to execute Atahualpa, some were reluctant to do so because they had grown fond of him. Atahualpa and the Spanish Although Atahualpa may have been friendly with some individual Spaniards such as Francisco Pizarro’s brother Hernando, he wanted them out of his kingdom. He told his people not to attempt a rescue, believing that the Spanish would leave once they had received their ransom. As for the Spanish, they knew their prisoner was the only thing keeping one of Atahualpa’s armies from crashing down on them. Atahualpa had three important generals, each of whom commanded an army: Chalcuchima in Jauja, Quisquis in Cuzco, and Rumià ±ahui in Quito. Death General Chalcuchima allowed himself to be lured to Cajamarca and captured, but the other two remained threats to Pizarro and his men. In July 1533, they began hearing rumors that Rumià ±ahui was approaching with a mighty army, summoned by the captive Emperor to wipe out the intruders. Pizarro and his men panicked. Accusing Atahualpa of treachery they sentenced him to burn at the stake, although he was eventually garrotted. Atahualpa died on July 26, 1533, in Cajamarca. Rumià ±ahuis army never came: the rumors had been false. Legacy With Atahualpa dead, the Spanish quickly elevated his brother Tupac Huallpa to the throne. Although Tupac Huallpa soon died of smallpox, he was one of a string of puppet Incas who allowed the Spanish to control the nation. When Atahualpa’s nephew Tà ºpac Amaru was killed in 1572, the royal Inca line died with him, ending forever any hope for native rule in the Andes. The successful conquest of the Inca Empire by the Spanish was largely due to unbelievable luck and several key mistakes by the Andeans. Had the Spanish arrived a year or two later, the ambitious Atahualpa would have consolidated his power and may have taken the threat of the Spanish more seriously and not allowed himself to be captured so easily. The residual hatred by the people of Cuzco for Atahualpa after the civil war certainly played a part in his downfall as well. After Atahualpa’s death, some people back in Spain began asking uncomfortable questions about whether Pizarro had the right to invade Peru and capture Atahualpa, considering Atahualpa had never harmed him. These questions were eventually solved by declaring that Atahualpa, who was younger than his brother Huscar with whom he had been warring, had usurped the throne. Therefore, it was reasoned, he was fair game. This argument was very weak- the Inca did not care who was older, any son of Huayna Capac could have been king- but it sufficed. By 1572, there was a complete smear campaign in place against Atahualpa, who was called a cruel tyrant and worse. The Spanish, it was argued, had â€Å"saved† the Andean people from this â€Å"demon.† Atahualpa today is seen as a tragic figure, a victim of Spanish ruthlessness and duplicity. This is an accurate assessment of his life. The Spanish not only brought horses and guns to the fight, but they also brought insatiable greed and violence that were just as instrumental in their conquest. He is still remembered in parts of his old Empire, particularly in Quito, where you can take in a soccer game at the Atahualpa Olympic Stadium. Sources Hemming, John. The Conquest of the Inca London: Pan Books, 2004 (original 1970).Herring, Hubert. A History of Latin America From the Beginnings to the Present. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1962.

Monday, February 17, 2020

Mathematical Expressions and Order of Operations Speech or Presentation

Mathematical Expressions and Order of Operations - Speech or Presentation Example What is the growth rate of its real GDP? Assume that population is 100 in year 1 and 102 in year 2. What is the growth rate of GDP per capita? 11. Key Question If the CPI was 110 last year and is 121 this year, what is this year’s rate of inflation? What is the â€Å"rule of 70†? How long would it take for the price level to double if inflation persisted at (a) 2, (b) 5, and (c) 10 percent per year? 2. Key Question Graph the accompanying demand data, and then use the midpoint formula for Ed to determine price elasticity of demand for each of the four possible $1 price changes. What can you conclude about the relationship between the slope of a curve and its elasticity? Explain in a nontechnical way why demand is elastic in the northwest segment of the demand curve and inelastic in the southeast segment. The price elasticity of demand is unity. Below the equilibrium point, which denoted a point of no profit no loss between the sales and demand, an increase in demand would cause a fall in price, thereby resulting in a producer surplus. As such, more goods are produced and the low price results in decreased profits. In the case of the region above the equilibrium point, an increase in price would require the production of less goods. Therefore, for a quantity of goods sold, the profit margin would be greater. Hence, the demand curve is considered to be elastic in this region. 7. Key Question A firm has fixed costs of $60 and variable costs as indicated in the table on the following page. Complete the table and check your calculations by referring to question 4 at the end of Chapter 23. b. Graph AFC, AVC, ATC, and MC. Explain the derivation and shape of each of these four curves and their relationships to one another. Specifically, explain in nontechnical terms why the MC curve intersects both the AVC and the ATC curves at their minimum

Monday, February 3, 2020

Mills Paper (Sociology) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Mills Paper (Sociology) - Essay Example Depending on family and relationship history forms of violence differ by cause, etiology, manifestation, and impact. Although an act of violence, a â€Å"hit,† directed at a current or former intimate partner may appropriately be labeled â€Å"intimate partner violence,† as Sue Osthoff explained, â€Å"a hit is not a hit. Context matters. A lot. A whole lot† (2002:1540). Not all â€Å"hits† are created equal. In recent years, and increasingly, practitioners, researchers, and advocates, are considering distinctions among types of violence and specifically re-asserting and clarifying violence as a particular dynamic. From the perspective of Mill’s personal trouble, violence is characterized by a systemic pattern of behavior (rather than isolated acts of violence) that establishes dominance over another person typically through intimidation, coercion, isolation, and terror-inducing violence and threats of violence (Dutton & Goodman, 2005:748). Power an d control are central as motives for and impact of violence. The language of â€Å"coercive control† or â€Å"coercion† has also been used to describe the phenomenon of violence (Dutton & Goodman, 2005:748). Kelly and Johnson (2008) described coercive controlling violence (a concept previously labeled patriarchal terrorism and then intimate terrorism ) as â€Å"emotionally abusive intimidation, coercion, and control coupled with physical violence against partners† (Kelly & Johnson, 2008:478). Violence as â€Å"a personal trouble† is most often chracterized with battering, a term that has been used in some cases as a synonym for any violence against an intimate partner, regardless of context. Battering may, and typically does, include distinct acts of violence, however not all acts of violence are a component of battering (Osthoff, 2002:1535). Non-battering violence might include

Sunday, January 26, 2020

History of the Malacca Sultanate

History of the Malacca Sultanate The Malacca Sultanate was a powerful maritime and commercial empire that Shaped the political, social and cultural systems of the Malay Peninsula. Parameswara (1401 to 1511) was the founder of Malacca. He was a fugitive prince from the Palembang in Sumatra, and attack Palembang. Parameswara fled to the island of Temasik with his loyal company of 30 orang laut (sea people). After eight days in Temasik, Parameswara killed the local chief and usurped as lord over the simple fisher folk of Temasik. Therefore, he runs to Malacca. Under his ruling, in 1414, Parameswara embraced Islam, and change his name to Megat Iskandar Shah, married to a Muslim princess from Pasai, Sumatra. Because of this it attracted Muslim traders to come to Malacca port and international too. He also maintain the good relation with Ming China, he send a mission after mission to Peking in1415, 1416 and 1418. Parameswara, laid a great stress on the element of all event and the political experiences which underwent from broader viewpoint and historical vision in the Malay historical and political development all in Malay Archipelago. Malacca has they becoming a cosmopolitan free port that valued money above any nations of cultural imperialism. Due to the successfully founded and established a seat of power in Malacca around 1399/1400. Upon his death in 1424, Megat Iskandar Shah was succeeded by his son Sri Maharaja (1424-1444) . Sultanate of Malacca Reign Parameswara 1394 to 1414 Sultan Megat Iskandar Syah 1414 to 1424 Seri Maharaja ( Raja Tengah ) or Sultan Muhammad Syah 1424 to 1444 Sultan Abu Syahid 1445 to 1456 Sultan Muzaffar Syah 1446 to 1456 Sultan Mansur Syah 1456 to 1477 Sultan Alauddin Riayat Syah 1477 to 1488 Sultan Mahmud Syah 1488 to 1511 Sultan Muzaffa Shah ( 1446-1456) the son of Sri Maharaja and grandson of Megat Iskandar Shah alias Parameswara, ruling the Malacca throne in 1446 succeeding his elder brother , Raja Ibrahim. He was the first to use Arabian title of Sultan, and formulate the Malacca Laws known as Risalah Hukum Kanun in protect the sovereignty and prosperity of Malacca. Raja Kechil Besar (Sultan Muhammed Syah, 1424-1444) played a major role in developing and improving the ceremonial and the administrative system. He re-organized the royal administration. In Malacca the Bendahara immediately beneath the sultan operated as Chief Minister with Temenggong as Senior Judges below, followed by Special Magistrates or Syahbandar. The main four communities in Malacca, Muslim Gujaratis , Hindu Tamiuls , Islamised Javanese and Chinese each a Syahbandar. The Syahbandar have two roles, the Chinese Syahbandar will assisting the vessel in trades when foreign ship arrived from China. So as the Shahbandar looked after h is respective community. Syahbandar will need to responsible for arming, organizing and commanding their community for Sultan. Two offices or ministers were created at this time the Temenggung and Sen Bija Diraja is to the rapid developments that were taking place in the town and society of Malacca. The office of the Laksamana was established during the reign of Sultan Mansur Shah (1456-1477). It was originally designated by the Emperor of Majapahit. The duties and jurisdiction of the Laksamana were similar those of the Seri Bija Diraja. As the position of the Laksamana became more firmly established and more influential in Malacca, the status of the Sen Bija Diraja gradually declined. Beside the four Ministers, there were eight senior directors, all bearing the title Sr. Under them were sixteen junior directors with the title Raja. At the bottom of the hierarchy were thirty two government offices that assist the Minister to carrying out their duties. This administration system was implemented by all the states in Malay Peninsula that were united under Sultanate Malacca. Malacca was as a major player in the spice trade, serving as a gateway between the Spice Islands and high-paying Eurasian markets. The rise of Malacca was the monsoon winds that enabled Arabian and Indian traders from the west to travel to China in the east and vice versa. It was also the center of Islam in the eastern sphere, were also sent by the Sultan to spread Islam to other communities in the Malay Archipelago, such as in Java, Borneo, and the Philippines. Most of South East Asia at that time was Hindu. The Sultanates most important regional rivals were Siam in the north and the declining Majapahit Empire in the south. Majapahit was not able to control or effectively compete with Malacca within the archipelago. Siam on the other hand attacked Malacca three times, but all attacks were repelled. At the same time, Malacca had a good relationship with the Ming government of China; Parameswara had met the Chinese emperor in China to receive a Letter of Friendship, hence making Malacca the first foreign kingdom to attain such treatment. In 1409, the sultan paid tribute to the Chinese emperor to ask for protection against Siam. This Sino-Malacca relationship helped the attacks from Siam from further threatening Malacca. The empire of Malay Kingdom of Malacca ended in 1511 after the Portuguese attack under the rule of Sultan Mansur Shah (1459 1477) because of several external and internal factors. He is a weak leader and paid less attention to the administration. Due to this matter, he often in-need of power during his ruling. Thus, after Tun Perak died in 1498, to be succeeded by his brother Tun Puteh also a weak leader. After the death of Tun Perak the Chief Minister, the Malay Kingdom of Malacca lacked of efficient leader. The bribing, slander and high taxes forced the merchant to change their attention to other ports. The citizen of Malacca become split in to factions and disunited. Tun Mutahir is a weak leader that caused the Malays to become hostile towards the Indian-Muslim. Malacca State continued to flourish but the court was now thronged and dominated by Tamil merchants. Tun Mutahir and Tun Ali put to death, betrayed by Kitul and Raja Mandaliar, an indian native. Chief Minister Tepok ( Tun Peraks son)was appointed by Sultan after Tun Mutahir death. But it unrest by the administration group due to his age and continued the misunderstanding and disagree groups The external factor is the discovery of Cape of Good Hope in South Africa by Bartholomew Diaz in 1488, easier to sail from West to East. As a result, is easier for Portuguese to attack Malacca. Malacca become weak and fall prey to their enemies due to weak leaders, bribery and corruption, betrayal among minister and disunity among the people. Is become more critical when the Portuguese, led by Alfonso dAlbuquefrque attack Malacca and finally over took Malacca in 1511. 2.a) Starting this year on 16th, September 2010 will be a public holiday for Malaysia it is according to our Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak said Sabah and Sarawak, which joined Malaysia in 1963 and the formation of Malaysia as an independent country was a very important moment in history. He also added, Malaysia Day would be celebrated with events that would foster closer unity, understanding between the different races and community success and achievement through sports, social culture and arts, to spur the OneMalaysia spirit. (http://thestar.com.my/news). Based on history, in January 1956 the chief minister Tunku Abdul Rahman led a Merdeka (independence) mission to London where, in February, agreement was reached with the colonial secretary bringing self-government into effect and envisaging full independence for the Federation within the Commonwealth by 31 August 1957. On 16, September, 1963 was Malaysia is an independent sovereign state Federation of Malaya with the merge of Singapore, North Borneo (renamed Sabah) and Sarawak. Before that, on 1946 the dominant political in Malaya was the United Malays National Organization (UMNO) to strive independence from Great Britain and protest British proposal to grant rights to different ethnic group in Malaya (UMNO). Thats lead to dominant the nations politics of independent Malaya from 1957 through 1963. At independent, 55 % of Malayas population was Malay, 35% ethnic Chinese and 10% Indian. The federation consisted 11 states , Penang and Melaka were former British colonies, and the nine remain states each is a hereditary monarch ( called Sultan).Under the federation , Malays maintained their privileges ( official language and Islam ) and for the non-Malays gained citizenship. The stated every five years the sultan s elect one of their numbers to serve as Yang-di-Pertuan Agong . The Alliance Party , with Malayan Chinese Association (MCA) and the Malayan Indian Congress (MIC) was formed due to without cooperation of the people of Malayan. The new government consisted mostly Malays, with the smaller number of Chinese and Indian. Sabah and Sarawak, with their population of Malay and Indian to balance the Chinese population from Singapore. (Marshall Cavendish Corporation,pg1215) Although the same year there were the Indonesia and Philippines protested the creation of Malaysia. President Sukarno (1901-1970) adopted a policy of konfrontasi (confrontation) and from April 1963, Indonesian infiltrated Sabah and Sarawak. The formation of Malaysia, Singapore and North Borneo unilaterally declared independence from the United Kingdom on August 31, 1963, thus coinciding with the sixth anniversary of the Malayan independence. b) Brunei to opt out, due to the failure to carry out the proposal to come together to share within a new federation that differences in opinion and reluctant on the part of Brunei and Kuala Lumpur. Political power passed in the elections of September 1962 to the Peoples Party, and to maintain that before the move towards Malaysia was made here should be openly of the three fundamental reason such as the speeding of independent, the strengthening of the walls of defense against the communist threat and lastly the provision of help to the less develops parts. These territories under the Sultan of Brunei as constitutional ruler. A revolt within the party tried to bring about this state by force, but it was speedily repressed. Brunei claims that were conditions for joining, touched on the following issue: i) the number of seats in the Legislature and in the Parliament ii) the control on oil and other minerals iii) monetary autonomy iv) Bruneis earlier investment v) method of taxation vi) authority in the area of education and welfare vii) matters of religion viii) citizenship ix) the security of Brunei ( which needs to be guaranteed ) x) the position of the sultan and the status of Brunei within Malaysia Nevertheless, Brunei ultimately decided to remain outside the federation, possibly because with its small population and large riches in the form of oil it was unwilling to share its prosperity. Also, the Sultan of Bruneis status within the proposed federation was called into question, and this matter carried considerable political weight against joining. For Singapore, is a second to Malaya in population and more than three-quarters Chinese in composition, threatened to upset the communal balance on which Malayan politics and government had no depended. Two years after the formed Malay and Chinese in Malay and experienced dangerous polarization. Singapores leaders became involved in the politics of the Malay Peninsula, notably in the 1964 federal elections in Peoples Actions Party (PAP) was one of the contesting parties. Lee Kuan Yew and several PAP leaders belittle MCA, and saying the MCA leaders lacked caliber and over friendly with UMNO. Lee Kuan Yew and PAP was in interpreted by MCA and UMNO as PAP tactic for taking over role for MCA in interests of Chinese community. An Alliance leader regards PAPs criticism of the MCA as a weak party and tends to destroy the good understanding within the Alliance. Lee Kuan Yew have started his Malaysian for Malaysia campaign that no community in Malaysia. On May 1965, even highlighted Chinese u nity against the Malay under Jaafar Albar (UMNO) campaign Malays Unite . In June to August,to find solution but Singapore made the situation worse . On 7, August 1965, Lee Kuan Yew and Tunku Abdul Rahman signed on the separation agreement and passed the Separation Act from Parliament. On 9th, August 1965, Singapore officially left Malaysia.

Friday, January 17, 2020

Bite Me: A Love Story Chapter 19

19. Being the Chronicles of Abby Normal: Oh Day Dwellers Doth Betray Me? My heart has been torn asunder, and I am faced with the revelation that my most awesome-haired mad scientist of passion may in fact be an uncaring assbag who has sullied my innocence and whatnot and then cruelly cast me aside. So, that sucks. ‘Kayso, like it says in the Bible, â€Å"with great power, comes great responsibility,† which I totally learned by pushing my vamp abilities too far in trying to show off for Foo by diving through our boarded-up windows. So I was â€Å"doh,† and I passed out-real passed out, like head-injury passed out, not vampyre passed out. But in my unconsciousness, Foo and Jared gave me blood, and I healed, so when I woke up in the bedroom, I came leaping out into the living area, my claws ready to rend flesh and kick ass. And I was all, â€Å"Rawr!† And who do I see there but the vampyre Flood, my most recently escaped master gone mad, who has never even seen me in this outfit, let alone as a vamp. So I was all, â€Å"Rawr!† hoping my fangs were showing. And he was all, â€Å"Hi, Abby.† And I was all, â€Å"Rawr! Fear me!† And he was all, â€Å"That's not a thing. Saying rawr is not a vampyre thing.† And I'm like, â€Å"It is too. I'm totally showing my animal power and fierceness.† And he's like, â€Å"No, you're not, you're just saying rawr in a big voice. It's not a thing.† â€Å"It could be a thing,† I go, in my defense. And Jared is like, â€Å"I don't think it's a thing, Abs.† And I'm like, â€Å"Well then how about I drain you until you're dust and put you in the cat box, Jared? Is that a vampyre thing?† And he was all, â€Å"‘Kay. I'm sorry. Rawr is totally a thing.† So I looked at Flood with pity, having humiliated him on the field of battle. But it is in the gentler monster that humanity is revealed, so I'm like, â€Å"It's a thing for some of us. So, check it, I'm nossssss-feratu. Like you, only, you know, not fashion retarded. Speaking of, why do you look like the window at Banana Republic?† Flood was always sort of jeans and flannel before, like he was caught in some '90s grunge vortex, but now he was like linen and tan leather. And Flood's like, â€Å"I was running around the streets naked until a few hours ago.† And I was like, â€Å"‘Kay. My bad.† So he's all, â€Å"Abby, we need to go. I need to find Jody and I need your help.† And then Foo, who has been doing science stuff in the kitchen, comes over and he's like, â€Å"Abby, I can switch you back. I can switch you both back. I already have Tommy's serum made from before.† And I'm like, â€Å"You are trs cute when you're threatened.† And I jump over there and kiss him deeply-like I can hear a couple of his vertebrae crack. But then I go to slap him, so he won't think I'm a slut, and Tommy catches my hand. And he's all, â€Å"Abby, you have to stop doing that. You could kill him.† I'm like, â€Å"Really?† He's all nodding. And Foo's all mouthing â€Å"thank you† to him, like I don't have vampyre hearing and don't know that he's being a total little bitch about it. So I, like, turn on Foo and go, â€Å"Rawr.† I don't care what Tommy says, Foo trembled in fear. And Tommy's like, â€Å"Let's go, Abby.† Like Foo hasn't said a word. And I grab my Pirate Bunny messenger bag and start to pack in my laptop and charger, and Flood is all, â€Å"Leave that here.† And I'm like, â€Å"How will I express my angst and dark inspirations and whatnot?† And Flood is like, â€Å"I thought we'd go suck the blood out of some people.† And I was like, â€Å"‘Kay, but I'm still taking my laptop. I have to do my blog. I have subscribers.† I do. Well, a subscriber. And he's like, â€Å"If we have to go to mist you'll lose it.† And I'm like, â€Å"You don't know how to do that.† And he's all, â€Å"I do now.† And I'm all, â€Å"Teach me. I didn't go to ancient evil vampyre school like you.† And he's like, â€Å"I'm nineteen, remember? I went to public school. In Indiana.† And Foo's like, â€Å"You're only nineteen? You're not even old enough to drink?† And Jared is like, â€Å"Shut up. He's her dark lord. Our dark lord.† And Foo's like, â€Å"Fine. Go. Be careful. Text me. I'll be here trying to save the world.† And Tommy's all, â€Å"I'm just going to try to save the woman I love, and that's as good as the world to me.† And I was like-nothing. I just looked at Tommy. But I would have done him on a bed of carpet tacks right then. So outside the love lair, which is technically not mine and Foo's anymore, now that the rightful owners are not imprisoned in bronze, I go, â€Å"So, where do we start?† And Flood is all, â€Å"We start by finding a safe place to sleep during the day.† And I'm all, â€Å"The love lair. Foo and Jared will be our minions and whatnot.† And he's like, â€Å"The last time I went out there I woke up inside a statue, and the last time you were up there your love ninja gave you blood with a sedative.† And I'm all, â€Å"No.† And he's all, â€Å"Yeah.† And I'm all, â€Å"Foo, you crapacious little geek! Can I go slap him around a little?† And Flood is all, â€Å"He was going to change you back. To save you.† And I go, â€Å"Without even asking? I think not, noble vamptard. As soon as we find the Countess I'm coming back. There will be screaming.† And Flood's like, â€Å"You don't have any confrontation issues, do you?† And I'm all, â€Å"No, I'm very insecure, actually, but I have found that if you roll up screaming like a madwoman, hair on fire, guns blazing, no one is going to mention the zit on your forehead.† Which is totally true. â€Å"Okey dokey,† goes the vampyre Flood. â€Å"We'll look for someplace low or high. Low is probably safest, we can look for maintenance closets in the BART tunnels, but that keeps us out of the north end of the City, because there's no subway there. High, harder to find a place, but it gives us more choice, and it's less obvious, if Rivera and Cavuto are looking for us. There are a lot of utility sheds and meter shelters on roofs.† So I'm like, â€Å"Are we going to sleep together?† And Flood's like, â€Å"No, but we'll be dead in the same space.† And I was thinking, â€Å"How romantic,† but I go, â€Å"Let's get high.† And Tommy's all, â€Å"I think that's a good idea. Jody lived in the north end of the City and so did I. It makes sense that's where she'd go. We need to get into the upper floors of a tall building and look down on other roofs, look for a shed or something. Climbing up won't be a problem. You can tell if there's people in it by looking for heat. You know you can see heat now, right?† And I'm like, â€Å"I was figuring that it was that or that every lightbulb was leaking into the sky. But how do you know all this other stuff?† And Tommy's like, â€Å"I have no idea.† And I was like, â€Å"If we find a roof shack with a pigeon coop by it we'll have snacks when we wake up.† I know, perky. I must resist the perky. Must resist the perky. So, like, an hour later we've found our sweet roof grave on a building in the financial district, and Flood and I are walking up Powell Street, toward California and the Fairmont, where the Countess was last seen. And we are totally alive with the night. There's like two cities in the City. I didn't see it before. There's like the indoor city, the daytime city, with people inside of apartments and restaurants and offices, and they have, like, no fucking clue about the outside city. And there's the outside city people, who are in the streets all the time, and who know every hiding place, and every tree, and where it's dangerous, and where it's just creepy. The outside city people live on, like, a different plane of existence, like they don't even see the inside people either. But when you're a vampyre, the two cities are all lit up. You can hear the people talking and eating and watching TV in their houses, and you can see and feel the people in the streets, behind the garbage cans, u nder the stairs. All these auras show, sometimes right through walls. Like life, glowing. Some bright pink, like Foo's, some sort of brown, or gray, like on the AIDS vet panhandling at the corner of Powell and Post. And I'm totally losing my ability to appear bored, because it's fucking awesome. I'm trying to be chill for Flood, but I want to know. So I'm like, â€Å"What's with the pink ring around people?† And he's like, â€Å"It's their life force. You can tell how healthy they are by it. You'll be able to smell if they're dying, too, but you won't know that right away.† I know, whoa. So I'm like, â€Å"Whoa.† And he's all, â€Å"You see it for a reason.† And I'm like, â€Å"‘Splain, s'il vous plaà ®t.† And he's all, â€Å"Because you're only supposed to take the sick, the dying. It's part of our predator nature. I didn't know that before I-I was lost, but I know it now.† I know, whoa. So I'm like, â€Å"Okay, how do you turn to mist?† And he's like, â€Å"It's mental. Completely. You can't think about it, you just have to be.† And I'm like, â€Å"You're fucking with me, aren't you?† And he's all, â€Å"No, if you think, it doesn't work. You have to just be. Words get in the way. I think that's why the cats do it instinctively. That's the key. Instinct. I don't function well on instinct. I'm a word guy.† And I'm all, â€Å"I'm a word guy, too,† like a total dwee-bosaurus. I know. How is it that I, acting Mistress of the Greater Bay Area darkness, can be reduced to spewing nano-brained beauty-queen dialog when I should be enjoying the heady power of my vamp immortality? Simple, I am a romance slut, and there's nothing I can do about it. If a guy does or says something romantic, I'm all, â€Å"Oh, please excuse me, kind, sir, let me dial down my IQ and oh, if it would please sir, may I offer you this moist, yet helpless va-jay-jay that seems to have lost its way.† I was clearly born in the wrong time. I should have been born in Wuthering Heights times. Although if I was Cathy, I would have hunted down that Heathcliff guy and beat him with a riding crop like a sado-hooker with his Black Card on file. Just sayin'. So there's nothing at the Fairmont. We talk to the bellman and the guy at the concierge desk, who talks to the front-desk guy who says that he's not at liberty to talk about guests, when I whip a hundred-dollar bill on him and he says â€Å"the redhead† never showed up again after the day the cops came around asking for her. He said the cops took a cooler from her room. And Tommy's like, â€Å"She just vanished.† And I'm all, â€Å"Do you want to get coffee? I have a bag of blood and ten thousand dollars in my messenger.† The nosferatu can totally drink lattes as long as they put some blood in it, unless they're lactose intolerant. And he stops and looks at me. He's like, â€Å"Really, ten thousand? Think that will be enough?† And I'm like, â€Å"Well, you'll have to drink the cheap stuff, but I like to drink my lattes directly out of the veins of a toddler, and those little fuckers aren't cheap.† And he's like, â€Å"Okay, you just completely creeped me out.† So I'm all, â€Å"You suck at this. Let's go get coffee and do some vamp stuff, like beat up some pimps and whatnot.† â€Å"Since when is beating up pimps a vampyre thing?† â€Å"Since I was looking for the Countess and they kept trying to recruit me because I'm am so awesome sexy that desperate losers will totally pay to do me, which is flattering and whatnot, but I still kind of feel like they would have taken advantage of me because of my youth and naivety.† â€Å"So you want to go beat them up.† â€Å"I want to try that kung-fu thing where you tear their heart out and show it to them while it's still beating. Trs macabre, non? Plus, I'll bet the look of surprise on their faces will be worth it. Did you do that when you were out slaughtering people with Chet?† â€Å"I don't remember any of that. I don't remember slaughtering people.† â€Å"That's why the pimps were trying to recruit me. You and Chet ate all their hos.† â€Å"You make it sound so sordid.† â€Å"Okay, you make eating hos sound pretty. Talk poetry to me, writer boy.† And he looks all heartbroken and whatnot. And he's like, â€Å"That's what Jody calls me.† And I'm like, â€Å"Sorry. Where do you want to look for her now?† â€Å"I don't know. What time is it?† And I look at the watch that the Countess gave me, and I'm all, â€Å"A little after one,† in my I am total poop on a stick voice. † Polk Street.† And I'm all, † Why Polk Street?† He's like, â€Å"Because I'm out of ideas and we need to resort to magic.† And I'm like, â€Å"Sweet! Let's rock the dark magic!† I was tempted to do a booty dance of total dark magic celebration, but I thought it might reveal my secret. ‘Kayso, we roll into this coffee shop on Polk Street, and it's all full of hippies and hipsters and couples on dates and drunks sobering up and whatnot. And everyone turns and looks at us. I'm about to chuck a spaz, because I realize that I haven't fixed my makeup since I bounced my face off the plywood in the love lair. So I'm all, â€Å"Tommy, psssssst, do I look like a cannibal corpse on crack?† And he stops and looks at me for a second, and he's like, â€Å"No more than usual.† And I'm all, â€Å"Do I have raccoon eyes?† And he's like, â€Å"You've kind of taken your broken clown look to the next level, with the crusted blood around your mouth. You look cute.† Flood can be very sweet for a doofus from Indiana. I felt like I had made the right decision to choose him to be my Dark Lord, even if he was only nineteen instead of five hundred. So I feel like I should say something nice back, so I'm like, â€Å"You're not as pathetic in those clothes.† Then I realize that didn't sound as nice as I liked, so I'm all, â€Å"I want a triple soy latte with type O in it while we're waiting for magic and whatnot.† And Flood is all, â€Å"She's here.† I know. I'm like, â€Å"Whaaaa?† ‘Kayso, Flood sends me for coffees and says he'll meet me at a table in the back, so when I show up, he's sitting with this ginormously fat gay guy, wearing a purple silk wizard robe with silver stars and moons on it, and his head is shaved and there's a pentagram tattooed on it, just like I drew on Ronnie's head with a Magic Marker. I know! And he has a crystal ball on his table on a stand made out of dragons, and a sign that says MADAME NATASHA, FORTUNES TOLD $5.00, ALL PROCEEDS GO TO AIDS RESEARCH. And so I come up and Flood is all, â€Å"Madame Natasha, this is my minion, Abby Normal.† And I'm all, â€Å"Enchant,† in, like, perfect fucking French. â€Å"Most fly eye-liner, Madame.† He had like spider fake lashes and glitter liner out to his ears. And Madame Natasha is all, â€Å"Oh, sweet of you to say, child. Your ensem is trs chic as well. But you should have a jacket, little thing like you could freeze in the fog.† And I'm all ready to throw down anti-mom you're-not-the-boss-of-me-talk on him, then I'm kinda okay with it. Like maybe I would get along with the Motherbot better if she were a ginormous gay guy. And I sit down next to Madame Natasha, because Flood is, like, in the client seat, and Flood's all, â€Å"Madame Natasha told my fortune when I first came to town, and said that I would meet a girl, but the death card kept coming up, so she couldn't figure it out.† Then he turns to Madame and is like, â€Å"You were right on the money, I ended up meeting a dead girl.† And Madame's all, â€Å"Oh my,† and she pulls this little fan out of one of her chins and starts fanning herself. ‘Kayso, I pull out the bag of blood and squeeze a little into my coffee, then into Flood's, and he's all, â€Å"Abby, put that away.† And I'm all, â€Å"Why?† And he's all nodding toward people, who are totally not looking at us now, but like really reading or texting hard. And he's like, â€Å"They'll freak.† And I'm like, â€Å"Oh bitch, please. They all saw my eye makeup, they saw how I'm dressed, they saw my dark and mysteriously colored hair, and they think I'm just trying to freak them out by pretending to pour blood in my coffee. So they are all furiously not freaking out so as to not give me the satisfaction because then they wouldn't be sophisticated City peeps. This is not my first funeral, Red State.† â€Å"Oh, I like her,† goes the Madame. â€Å"She's got spunk.† And Flood is like, â€Å"Okey dokey.† And I'm like, â€Å"If you keep saying ‘okey dokey' I will be forced to replace you as my Dark Lord.† And Madame is all, â€Å"It does sound a little corn-fed, love.† And Tommy is all, â€Å"Never mind how I talk. You remember, right, Madame? You remember me?† And the Madame is all â€Å"Oh, yes, yes, I do now. You were the one who had achieved Olympic levels in masturbation, weren't you?† And Flood was all, â€Å"Uh, no, that part was someone else, uh-â€Å" So, like, the master needed a hand, if you know what I mean, so I was like, â€Å"Oh chill, it's a stress thing, everyone does it. I'm flicking the bean under the table right now just to dial the tension back a little. Yes. Yes. Yes! Oh-zombie-jeebus-fuck-me-Simba-lion-king-hakuna-matata! Yes!† So I spaz-gasmed a little and kind of slid down in my seat breathing hard. Then I like look up at the Madame with one eye and I'm like, â€Å"They're freaking out now, aren't they?† And she just kind of nodded with big eyes and whatnot. So, you know, embarrassment for my Dark Lord totally diverted. But this one crusty day dweller is all looking up from his Wall Street Journal at me with a disgusted face, so I'm all, â€Å"Rawr.† And Flood looks at me. And I'm like, â€Å"Shut up, it's a thing. He shouldn't even be allowed out at night, using my dark without permission.† So I rawred Wall Street again for eavesdropping. So we sort of drank our coffee for a while and Madame looked at her cards and then, like, looked up seemed disappointed that we were still there, but Flood was on it. He's all, â€Å"The woman you told me I would meet, I met her. We live together.† And the Madame holds up her hand, which means, â€Å"shut the fuck up† in fortune-teller language. And she looks at her cards some more. Then she looks at her tip jar. Then Flood looks at me and like does the tip jar nod. So I pull a hundred out of my messenger bag and drop it in the jar. And Flood's like, â€Å"Abby!† And I'm like, â€Å"Hello, woman you love? You want to bargain hunt?† And he's all, â€Å"‘Kay.† So Madame Natasha puts down a few more cards, and goes, â€Å"A redhead.† And we're all, â€Å"Yeah.† And she's all, â€Å"She's hurt, but she's not alone.† And we're all, â€Å"Uh-huh.† And she lays out about six more cards, and she goes, â€Å"That can't be right.† And Flood is like, â€Å"If you're getting the dead thing again, that's okay, we've worked through that.† And Madame is like, â€Å"No, it's not that.† And she shuffles the cards, not cool, like a dealer, but gentle, and every which way on the table, like she's really trying to confuse the cards. Then she lays them out again. And her eyes are getting bigger as she goes-each card, bigger eyes-until she lays down the last in her pattern and she's all, â€Å"Oh my.† And we're all, â€Å"What? What?† And she's, â€Å"This has never happened, in thirty years of consulting the cards.† And we're, â€Å"What? What?† And she's, â€Å"Look.† There were fourteen cards on the table. All kinds of pictures and numbers. And I'm like, ready to go, â€Å"‘Splain, please.† But then I see what she's big eyes about. They are all the same suit. So I'm, â€Å"They're all swords.† And she's like, â€Å"Yes. I'm not sure how to even interpret this.† And I'm all, â€Å"She's hurt, she's not alone, and all the cards came up swords?† And she's, â€Å"Yes, dear, that's what I just said, but I don't know what it means.† And I'm, â€Å"I do. Can you do them again?† And I slap another hundred in her jar. And she's, â€Å"‘Kay.† Then she lays them all out again, and this time there's a lot of swords, but also other cards. And I'm, â€Å"Well?† And she's all, â€Å"In this configuration, the swords signify north, but also, the air, a sailing ship perhaps. It doesn't make sense.† And we're like, â€Å"What? What?† And she's like, â€Å"A sunken ship?† And I'm like, â€Å"It makes total sense.† And Flood is like, â€Å"It does?† And I'm like, â€Å"Stay right there, Madame. We may be back.† And Flood is like, â€Å"What? What?† And I'm all, â€Å"I forgot to tell you about the little guy with the sword.† And he's like, â€Å"You really adjust to this magical stuff fast, Abby.† And I'm like, â€Å"Are you trying to say I'm perky? Because I'm not. I'm complex.† I am. Shut up, I am. He's looking at me right now, like we should be going. Even though I am typing at awesome speed. Okay, that's it, dude, you're harshing the depth out of my literature. I'm coming. What a whiner. Gotta go. We're going to run out of dark. Byez. THE OLD ONES Makeda put on the glasses and watched the bricks at the corner of the building light up. They'd find the cats by behavior, because even vampire cats are cats, and they marked their territory. Elijah had told them where it had started and where it was likely to move. The special sunglasses, combined with their vampire vision, allowed them to see the phosphorus expelled in the cats' urine as glowing. They could even see a half-life, of sorts. Something marked days ago would glow much dimmer than something marked only a few hours ago. â€Å"That way,† said Makeda. Rolf cocked his head toward the boarded-up loft apartment on the second floor. â€Å"That's the loft where Elijah said he turned the first cat. There are people up there. Sounds like two.† â€Å"That's also where he was fried by a jacket covered with sun lights,† said Makeda. â€Å"I say we clean up the cats first, they're less tricky.† Rolf nodded to Makeda, who bolted down the alley without another word. They followed the trail, a mark here and there, many blocks until they reached the Mission, where the trail started to sunburst out. â€Å"I don't know which way to go,† said Bella. â€Å"We need to get a vantage point.† Rolf looked around and spotted the tallest building in the area. â€Å"How about that one, the one that looks like a robot pterodactyl is perched on it? He pointed to the black glass Federal Building. Makeda said, â€Å"It's an abomination.† â€Å"Said the abomination,† snarked Rolf. â€Å"I'll go. I have to go up solid, I need the glasses.† He shrugged off his overcoat and dropped his weapons on top of it. â€Å"Well go to mist if you lose your grip,† said Makeda. â€Å"I'll catch your glasses. If you fall off of that thing solid we'll have to scrape you into a bag to get you back to the ship.† He grinned, showing his fangs, then started a steady climb up the sheer corner of the building. Bella pulled a pack of cigarettes from her jacket, shook one out, lit it, then blew a long stream of smoke up after Rolf. â€Å"What if Elijah lied about turning more humans? He's lied before.† When they'd retrieved the old vampire from the City initially he'd brought along a blond vampire woman, claiming she was the only one. She hadn't survived the first month at sea. Weak vessels, they called her type. â€Å"He didn't admit turning the cat, either, until we found the news stories on the Internet.† â€Å"We need to talk to him again when we get back to the ship, if there's time.† Rolf thumped to the pavement beside them. â€Å"That way. About six blocks. There's a sunburst pattern that's centered there and spreads out ten blocks or so in every direction. I could actually see a hundred or so cats on a roof there.† â€Å"Let's go, then,† said Makeda. â€Å"That's not all,† said Rolf. â€Å"There is a group of men hunting them. Eight of them.† â€Å"How do you know they're hunting the cats?† â€Å"Because two of them lit up their coats. If I hadn't been wearing the glasses I'd be blind. They're wearing the sun jackets that Elijah warned us about.† â€Å"Well, fuck,† said Makeda. â€Å"That's eight more we have to kill.† â€Å"At least,† said Rolf. â€Å"How much time before daylight?† â€Å"Two and a half hours,† said Bella, checking her watch. â€Å"Don't we have a sniper rifle on the ship?† â€Å"Somewhere,† said Rolf. â€Å"Well, they can't turn on a sun jacket if they're dead before we're within five hundred yards.† â€Å"Messy,† said Makeda. â€Å"Bullets leave bodies.† â€Å"I'd rather have to dispose of a couple of bodies than get fried by a sun jacket,† said Bella, taking charge now. â€Å"Rolf, you and I will go after the cats. Take out as many as we can. Makeda, follow the hunters, keep your distance, see where they go, and meet us back at the ship. Tonight cats. Tomorrow night, humans.† â€Å"I hate cats,† said Makeda. â€Å"I know,† said Bella. â€Å"There's something else,† said Rolf. â€Å"There was something else on the roof with the cats. Something bigger.† â€Å"What do you mean ‘something'?† asked Makeda. â€Å"I don't know,† said Rolf, â€Å"but it wasn't putting out any heat, so it's one of us.†

Thursday, January 9, 2020

The Theory Of Self Advocacy - 1162 Words

100% accuracy during five trial periods which is connected with his Postsecondary goal that after his graduation from high school, Bobby will independently use public transportation in the community. Teachers can monitor the student’s progress on the goal by gathering information on a form that requires minimal time and effort to complete without sacrificing accuracy. The data survey form can contain student’s performance during this event, frequency of needed reminders, and supports that have been given to help the student with this specific skill. By utilizing a self-monitoring checklist, the student can take an active role in observing progress towards achievement of the goal. The concept of self-advocacy also can be expressed in the student’s selection of short term and long term goals which not only pertain to course selection and steps needed to achieve success in those courses but also how courses go hand-in-hand with the selection of his/her postsecondary environment (2 or 4-year college, vocational setting, military, or straight into employment) and career. Student’s input is very important because in order for the student to demonstrate optimal internal motivation (student achieving satisfaction from the action), the student must have vested interest in achieving the goal. In order to pursue an activity and possible internal or external reward, the student must value the skill that will be accomplished by the action. 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